Review: Heartland by Sarina Bowen

Sarina Bowen
Publication date: January 28, 2020
Genres: Adult/New Adult, Contemporary, Romance
Series: True North #7
Format: eARC
Source: Author
4.25 Stars


Dylan is my best friend, and the only person in my life who understands me. He doesn’t mind my social awkwardness or my weird history. The only glitch? He doesn’t know that I’ve been hopelessly, desperately in love with him since the first day we picked apples together in his family’s orchard.

But I know better than to confess.

Now that we’re both in college together, I’m seeing a new side of him. College Dylan drinks and has a lot of sex. None of it with me.

Until the night I foolishly ask him to tutor me in more than algebra…and he actually says yes.
But the cool morning light shows me how badly I’ve endangered our friendship. And I don’t know if anything will be the same again.

M Y   T H O U G H T S

Every new release from Sarina Bowen is cause for celebration. And when it’s an addition to the True North series, centered around the Shipley farming family in Vermont, I get downright giddy. Heartland is Dylan’s story, who (along with his twin sister) is the youngest of the Shipley clan. Now 20 and in college, he struggles with what his future holds. And he buries that uncertainty by living in the moment and having a good time – with plenty of drinks and plenty of girls.

This is all I will ever have – friendship and the ache of wanting more. - Chastity

Chastity fled from the religious cult she was raised in two years ago and was taken in by Leah and Isaac, also former members of the cult and neighbors/friends of the Shipley’s. Starting college as a 21-year-old freshman, Chastity is sometimes overwhelmed but she’s also embracing her freedom, testing her boundaries and learning what she wants for herself. And the biggest thing she wants? Dylan Shipley. Chastity has been in love with her best friend almost since she arrived in Vermont but she knows he’ll never see her beyond anything other than a friend. Until one night during a tutoring session she asks for instruction in more than just algebra.

We fell into kissing the way I once fell off a dock into Lake Champlain. Suddenly and without warning. - Chastity

There was so much to love in Heartland and Dylan and Chastity were at the top of the list. Despite playing the role of the party guy and avoiding his future, and despite being completely obtuse when it came to his feelings for Chastity, Dylan was a sweetheart and totally likable. He loved his family, he was a hard worker, he didn’t play games, and he was a great friend to Chastity. And speaking of Chastity, she was a young woman really coming into her own. I loved that (except when it came to her feelings for Dylan) she was usually willing to stand up for herself and speak her mind. She was brave and had a backbone. She may have been raised in a cult and didn’t enter the “real world” until she was nineteen, but that didn’t mean she was a child or needed coddling. She was learning to form her own opinions and adjusting to the act that she could try new things and forge her own way. I wanted to cheer for Chastity for every hurdle she passed. When their relationship changed, Chastity realized that she may be getting what she wanted, but it also came with a whole new set of uncertainties and insecurities.

Life is full of little moments that don’t matter a whole lot, peppered by a few moments when everything is on the line. – Dylan

There was so much goodness even beyond Dylan and Chastity. The evolving relationship between Dylan and oldest brother Griffin, the chemistry between Chastity and Dylan (scorching hot!), Dylan’s (one-sided) conversations with the goats, Dylan’s friend Rickie (fingers crossed that my guess is right and Rickie will be featured in the next book with Daphne), and so much more. I guess it’s too soon to want the next book, but that doesn’t me from wishing I had it in my hands. Heartland was sweet and hot and swoony, with a perfect mix of humor and heart. If you haven't experienced the True North series, what are you waiting for?

Disclosure: I received a a complimentary copy of this book from the author. This does not impact my opinion of the book or the content of this review. I received no compensation and my review is voluntary.


WWW Wednesday #74 | January 29, 2020

WWW Wednesdays is a meme hosted by Taking on a World of Words.
Just answer three questions and share what you're reading.

It's 10:30 in the morning and all I can think about is lunch. As Pooh Bear would say, there's a rumbly in my tumbly. So to distract myself from the gnawing hunger (dramatic much, Tanya? 😉) I'll engage in some book talk.



 I've been switching back and forth between reading and listening to The Queen of Nothing and I am *loving* it! It was a long wait for this final book and I was so ready to dive back into this world of scheming and plotting and machinations. And the audio version is excellent. Caitlin Kelly's narration is fantastic and the different voices are so distinct. I always know immediately who is speaking and Madoc's and Cardan's voice in particular are just perfection.
Current progress: 58%

On a whim I decided to also start Birthday Girl on Monday but I've made very little headway. I can't seem to tear myself away from The Queen of Nothing and all my reading time is focused there. But I'm enjoying what I've read so far and will be giving it all my attention once I finish TQoN.
Current progress: 10%

The Family Upstairs was brilliant and was a great reminder of why I love Lisa Jewell. I was so invested in the story and the way the story unfolded, with bits of information parsed out bit by bit, added to the tension and suspense. I can't stop thinking about it and I'm tempted to start all over and listen to the whole thing again.

Heartland was a great entry in the True North series. Dylan was a little thick-headed and slow to come to terms with how he really felt but he was such a likable guy that I forgave him. Chastity was a great protagonist and I appreciated her willingness to (usually) say what was on her mind. And I get the feeling that the next book will feature Dylan's friend Rickie which makes me all kinds of happy. :)



Pretty sure one of these will be next up. I think my emotions will be wrecked no matter which I choose. :)

What are you currently reading?
I wanna know! :)

Top Ten Tuesday: Least Favorite Book Covers of 2019

Top Ten Tuesday is a weekly meme hosted by That Artsy Reader Girl.

This week's Top Ten Tuesday topic: 
Least Favorite Covers of 2019

I rarely ever put a negative spin on a Top Ten Tuesday topic. It's almost always the ten best, my ten favorite, etc. But this week's prompt was a book cover freebie and this is what came to mind. Back in December I shared some of my favorite covers of the year so now I'm boldly going in the opposite direction. Oh, and these aren't necessarily books that were published in 2019, just ones that I read in 2019. 

Okay, fair warning: you may notice something of a theme here. Because I am so over illustrated covers. The trend has been run into the ground. So almost any book I read last year with an illustrated cover could be on this list. 

There's nothing inherently wrong with this cover but it's just so generic. It's a Christmas story. There's a Christmas tree and presents on the cover. Enough said.

Shirtless guys on covers. On rare occasions it works. Most often not. And I find this one particularly cringey. The half-on half-off shirt, the awkward pose... just no.

Top Secret | Sarina Bowen & Elle Kennedy
It pains me to say, because I adore Sarina Bowen (and Elle Kennedy), but this cover just doesn't do it for me. First, I loathe orange. So it already has a strike against it. And the huge type across the guy's face in shadow... I don't know, I just don't like it. *shrugs* (Loved the book, though!)

Arctic Wild | Annabeth Albert
The half-faces floating in the sky just look weird.

Heidi's Guide to Four Letter Words | Tara Sivec & Andi Arndt
Another illustrated cover... ugh.

Because of Low | Abbi Glines
Shirtless guy take two. This one is made worse by the too-tight pants. I'm worried about his ability to have children one day after wearing such tight pants. Someone needs to have a talk with him.

The Flatshare | Beth O'Leary
Yet another illustrated cover. Gah! Make it stop!

Superfan | Sarina Bowen
Shirtless guy take three. This one is a close call. Because the guy really is gorgeous. And I loved the book. And it's Sarina Bowen (again). But again with the half-off shirt and the slightly awkward pose. *sigh*

All We Ever Wanted | Emily Giffin
This isn't a bad cover, per se. I mean, aesthetically it's pleasing, I guess. It's blue, it has gold dots. But it's also kind of boring and says absolutely nothing about the book.

Have you read any of these books?
What's the worst book cover you've encountered lately?

The Sunday Post #192

The Sunday Post is a weekly meme hosted by Caffeinated Book Reviewer.
It's a chance to share news - a post to recap the past week on your blog, 
showcase books and things we have received, and share news about what is
coming up on your blog in the week ahead. You can find the info here:

  • Last weekend's trip to Beaufort, South Carolina was a good one. We stayed at a beautiful inn in the historic district (they set out chocolates from a local chocolatier in the parlor each evening - who wouldn't want to stay there!), walked all around the downtown and waterfront areas, took a tour that shared a lot of Civil War-era history, had some good meals. We all (my mom, The Husband, and me) enjoyed ourselves.
Photos from left: The Beaufort Inn where we stayed, the ruins of Old Sheldon Church (burned by the British during the Revolutionary War, rebuilt, then burned by the Federal Army by Sherman's order during the Civil War), me and Mom in a shop in the historic district
  • We were browsing the movies on Amazon Prime Friday night and decided to watch Instant Family. Totally enjoyed it! So, so funny but also surprisingly emotional. We were both impressed by Mark Wahlberg. That was probably the first new(ish) movie I've seen in a year. At least. Ha!
  • This is the final week of the January Of Books giveaway hop so don't forget to enter if you haven't already.  
  • This week's 80's music fix is Lessons In Love by Level 42. Their big hit (in the U.S., anyway) was Something About You, but it was this lesser known song that I loved. It's one of those songs that just speaks to me. I love the lyrics, Mark King's voice, the bass line (I'm a sucker for a good bass line 😊)... this is one of my all-time favorites. 

Tuesday, January 21
Top Ten Tuesday: Recent TBR Additions

Wednesday, January 22
WWW Wednesday #73

Friday, January 24
Review: Echoes Between Us



What a great week in reading! (And it feels so good to say that after a months-long reading slump!) I finished Echoes Between Us and it was another wonderful release from Katie McGarry. When it comes to YA contemporary, nobody does it better. I finished listening to The Family Upstairs yesterday and it was brilliant. Absolutely loved it. I'm so glad I went the audio route for this one because it was so well done. I can't stop thinking about it. I stayed up late last night to finish Heartland and, in typical Sarina Bowen fashion, it gave me all the feels. The swoony bits, the steamy bits, the humor... Dylan and Chastity's story had it all.


I started the audio book of The Queen of Nothing this morning and I'll probably switch back and forth between the audio and the hardcover versions. I'm only two chapters in but I'm already excited to be back in this world.


How was your week? Any new books? Any news to share? 
I'd love to hear about it!

Review: Echoes Between Us by Katie McGarry

Katie McGarry
Publication date: January 14, 2020
Genres: Young Adult, Contemporary
Format: eARC
Source: Tor Teen and Netgalley
4.25 Stars



Echoes Between Us is bestselling author Katie McGarry’s breakout teen contemporary novel about a girl with everything to lose and the boy who will do anything to save her.
Veronica sees ghosts—more specifically, her mother’s ghost, thanks to the blinding migraines that consume her whole life and keep Veronica on the fringes. But the haunting afterimages make her wonder if there is something more going on….
Golden boy Sawyer is handsome and popular, a state champion swimmer, but this All-American is hiding an adrenaline addiction that could kill him. Drawn to each other after a chance meeting, can they help each other battle the demons that haunt their every step or will they push their luck too far and risk losing it all…including their lives?

M Y   T H O U G H T S

I’m sure I say it with her every new release, but when it comes to YA, Katie McGarry is my #1 go-to author. She writes the kind of stories that I love and I’m always ready and waiting for each new novel. In Echoes Between Us, Katie delivers a story with her trademarks: relatable characters facing real-life challenges, romance, and an emotional connection.

Life hasn’t been easy for seventeen-year-old Veronica since the death of her mother six months ago. Her father is a truck driver who is gone for days at a time and her best friend Leo, who she is also secretly in love with, is leaving for college. Veronica also has a brain tumor… like the one that killed her mother. The tumor causes debilitating headaches that seem to be getting worse, but she keeps that information from her father. She also doesn’t share with him that she sees and communicates with her mother’s ghost.

From outward appearances, Sawyer is the golden boy. Handsome, popular, a star athlete. But Sawyer is being crushed by the pressure he feels at home. Since his parent’s divorce six years ago he has felt increasingly responsible for not just his six-year-old sister but also his mother. Her drinking has gone from letting loose on the weekends to almost every night. Between her interference in his life, his resentment of his father, and pressure at school, Sawyer feels like he’s walking a tightrope. The only relief he finds is the adrenaline rush from cliff jumping but he finds himself craving that high more and more.

Veronica and Sawyer were an unlikely pair – the girl who marched to the beat of her own drum and who was considered “weird” by the kids at school and the boy who, from the outside, had it all. But they both felt a lack of control over their lives. In Sawyer, Veronica had someone who saw beyond the tumor and the quirks and appreciated her for the bold and fearless girl she was. And in Veronica, Sawyer found someone who accepted him for who he was, who cared about what he wanted, and supported him without judgment. They truly brought out the best in each other.

The friend groups played a big role and those who have read McGarry’s Only a Breath Apart will remember Jesse, Scarlet, Leo and Nazareth (side note: we seriously need a book about Nazareth). Veronica and Sawyer did not run in the same circles and their friends definitely started off as wary and judgmental of one another. I loved seeing the slow acceptance as they started to know and trust each other and were actually supportive of each other during times of need.

Katie did an amazing job of blending the paranormal elements (Veronica sees ghosts), the spiritual aspect (Veronica’s friend Glory is something of a psychic who believes in angels and an afterlife) and skepticism (Sawyer is convinced there is a logical explanation for any “phenomenon”). McGarry tackles some weighty issues in Echoes Between Us and, as usual, handles them with such a light, respectful hand. There are addiction issues, learning disorders, faith, grief, mortality, discussion of sexuality, and more. There is a big focus on acceptance, in many forms, and I loved how Katie wove that deftly throughout the story.

By the end of the story, I was in love with these characters and my heart ached for their struggles. Both Sawyer and Veronica had to have such inner strength to face their challenges and overcome them. Katie made these characters feel utterly realistic and I shed some tears as I was swept into their story. Once again, Katie McGarry has delivered an emotional and compelling story that is sure to be among my favorite books of the year.

Disclosure: I received a complimentary copy of this book from the publisher. This does not impact my opinion of the book or the content of this review. I received no compensation and my review is voluntary.

WWW Wednesday #73 | January 22, 2020

WWW Wednesdays is a meme hosted by Taking on a World of Words.
Just answer three questions and share what you're reading.

Winter has arrived in Florida! It dipped into the 30's last night and the windchill is in the 20's. I know, I know, all you people in the north are thinking: Oh how cute, this southern girl actually thinks that's cold. 😄 And yeah, I do! But you know what? I love it! It won't last long - by Friday it will be back into the 70's - so I'm enjoying it while I can.



 I'm only about 15% into Heartland but I'm already loving being back in this world. I'm so excited to get Dylan and Chastity's story. And - even though I'm not usually a fan of covers with shirtless men - this one totally works for me. Yummy cover model, I love the faded bit of the Vermont outdoors on the bottom third, and hand-lettered look of the title is perfect.

I just started the audio of The Family Upstairs yesterday and I'm slowly getting getting pulled in. I'm still trying to work out how these people are connected and how they're going to come together, but I'm enjoying the process of getting there. :)

 Once I really got into Echoes Between Us it was hard to put down. Katie McGarry always writes characters that are dealing with tough situations that forces them to grow. Veronica and Sawyer were no exception and I loved their stories. 

We Own Tonight was amazingly good! I seriously loved this one from start to finish. The main characters, their story, the emotion... it just all worked for me. I love that I started the year with discovering a new author. And thankfully she has quite a backlist for me to work my way through. :)



 Not sure what I'll feel like reading next but there are some strong possibilities.

What are you currently reading?
I wanna know! :)

Top Ten Tuesday: Recent TBR Additions

Top Ten Tuesday is a weekly meme hosted by That Artsy Reader Girl.

This week's Top Ten Tuesday topic: 
Most Recent TBR Additions

This week's topic is actually most recent additions to my bookshelf but I typically share that every week in my Sunday Post and I don't want to rehash here again. So instead I'm going to share what I've added recently to my TBR. 

Jewel E. Ann

The son of a French Olympic skier and a Malaysian fashion designer, Ronin Alexander has lived the life of a nomad, traveling the world to find his next adventure.

Life takes a dramatic turn when he meets Evelyn, a beautiful scientist who owns a bath shop in Aspen, Colorado. They defy all the rules of relationships, falling hard and quickly in love.

Their world intertwines with Evelyn’s two best friends, the Governor and his soon-to-be wife. The four become close—very close.

When tragedy strikes, things from their pasts are unveiled—unimaginable truths and the grim realization that life will never be the same.

Jewel E. Ann steps into another dimension with this mind-bending thriller, a provocative story that pushes boundaries and tests the true meaning of love.

Rebecca Serle

When Type-A Manhattan lawyer Dannie Cohan is asked this question at the most important interview of her career, she has a meticulously crafted answer at the ready. Later, after nailing her interview and accepting her boyfriend’s marriage proposal, Dannie goes to sleep knowing she is right on track to achieve her five-year plan.

But when she wakes up, she’s suddenly in a different apartment, with a different ring on her finger, and beside a very different man. The television news is on in the background, and she can just make out the scrolling date. It’s the same night—December 15—but 2025, five years in the future.

After a very intense, shocking hour, Dannie wakes again, at the brink of midnight, back in 2020. She can’t shake what has happened. It certainly felt much more than merely a dream, but she isn’t the kind of person who believes in visions. That nonsense is only charming coming from free-spirited types, like her lifelong best friend, Bella. Determined to ignore the odd experience, she files it away in the back of her mind.

That is, until four-and-a-half years later, when by chance Dannie meets the very same man from her long-ago vision.

Brimming with joy and heartbreak, In Five Years is an unforgettable love story that reminds us of the power of loyalty, friendship, and the unpredictable nature of destiny.

Mike Chen

Six years after a global pandemic wiped out most of the planet’s population, the survivors are rebuilding the country, split between self-governing cities, hippie communes and wasteland gangs.

In postapocalyptic San Francisco, former pop star Moira has created a new identity to finally escape her past—until her domineering father launches a sweeping public search to track her down. Desperate for a fresh start herself, jaded event planner Krista navigates the world on behalf of those too traumatized to go outside, determined to help everyone move on—even if they don’t want to. Rob survived the catastrophe with his daughter, Sunny, but lost his wife. When strict government rules threaten to separate parent and child, Rob needs to prove himself worthy in the city’s eyes by connecting with people again.

Krista, Moira, Rob and Sunny are brought together by circumstance, and their lives begin to twine together. But when reports of another outbreak throw the fragile society into panic, the friends are forced to finally face everything that came before—and everything they still stand to lose.

Because sometimes having one person is enough to keep the world going.

Colleen Oakley

Acclaimed author Colleen Oakley delivers a heart-wrenching and unforgettable love story about a woman who must choose between the man she loves and the man fate has chosen for her in a novel that reminds us that the best life is one led by the heart.

Mia Graydon's life looks picket-fence perfect; she has the house, her loving husband, and dreams of starting a family. But she has other dreams too — unexplained, recurring ones starring the same man. Still, she doesn’t think much of them, until a relocation to small-town Pennsylvania brings her face to face with the stranger she has been dreaming about for years. And this man harbors a jaw-dropping secret of his own—he's been dreaming of her too.

Determined to understand, Mia and this not-so-stranger search for answers. But when diving into their pasts begins to unravel her life in the present, Mia emerges with a single question—what if?

Kelly Rimmer

In 1942, Europe remains in the relentless grip of war. Just beyond the tents of the Russian refugee camp she calls home, a young woman speaks her wedding vows. It’s a decision that will alter her destiny…and it’s a lie that will remain buried until the next century.

Since she was nine years old, Alina Dziak knew she would marry her best friend, Tomasz. Now fifteen and engaged, Alina is unconcerned by reports of Nazi soldiers at the Polish border, believing her neighbors that they pose no real threat, and dreams instead of the day Tomasz returns from college in Warsaw so they can be married. But little by little, injustice by brutal injustice, the Nazi occupation takes hold, and Alina’s tiny rural village, its families, are divided by fear and hate. Then, as the fabric of their lives is slowly picked apart, Tomasz disappears. Where Alina used to measure time between visits from her beloved, now she measures the spaces between hope and despair, waiting for word from Tomasz and avoiding the attentions of the soldiers who patrol her parents’ farm. But for now, even deafening silence is preferable to grief.

Slipping between Nazi-occupied Poland and the frenetic pace of modern life, Kelly Rimmer creates an emotional and finely wrought narrative that weaves together two women’s stories into a tapestry of perseverance, loyalty, love and honor. The Things We Cannot Say is an unshakable reminder of the devastation when truth is silenced…and how it can take a lifetime to find our voice before we learn to trust it.

Penelope Douglas

Tiernan de Haas doesn’t care about anything anymore. The only child of a film producer and his starlet wife, she’s grown up with wealth and privilege but not love or guidance. Shipped off to boarding schools from an early age, it was still impossible to escape the loneliness and carve out a life of her own. The shadow of her parents’ fame followed her everywhere.

And when they suddenly pass away, she knows she should be devastated. But has anything really changed? She’s always been alone, hasn’t she?

Jake Van der Berg, her father’s stepbrother and her only living relative, assumes guardianship of Tiernan who is still two months shy of eighteen. Sent to live with him and his two sons, Noah and Kaleb, in the mountains of Colorado, Tiernan soon learns that these men now have a say in what she chooses to care and not care about anymore. As the three of them take her under their wing, teach her to work and survive in the remote woods far away from the rest of the world, she slowly finds her place among them.

And as a part of them.

She also realizes that lines blur and rules become easy to break when no one else is watching.

One of them has her.

The other one wants her.

But he…

He’s going to keep her.

Becky Albertalli and Aisha Saeed

Jamie Goldberg is cool with volunteering for his local state senate candidate—as long as he’s behind the scenes. When it comes to speaking to strangers (or, let’s face it, speaking at all to almost anyone), Jamie’s a choke artist. There’s no way he’d ever knock on doors to ask people for their votes…until he meets Maya.

Maya Rehman’s having the worst Ramadan ever. Her best friend is too busy to hang out, her summer trip is canceled, and now her parents are separating. Why her mother thinks the solution to her problems is political canvassing—with some awkward dude she hardly knows—is beyond her.

Going door to door isn’t exactly glamorous, but maybe it’s not the worst thing in the world. After all, the polls are getting closer—and so are Maya and Jamie. Mastering local activism is one thing. Navigating the cross-cultural romance of the century is another thing entirely.

Meg Waite Clayton

In 1936, the Nazi are little more than loud, brutish bores to fifteen-year old Stephan Neuman, the son of a wealthy and influential Jewish family and budding playwright whose playground extends from Vienna’s streets to its intricate underground tunnels. Stephan’s best friend and companion is the brilliant Žofie-Helene, a Christian girl whose mother edits a progressive, anti-Nazi newspaper. But the two adolescents’ carefree innocence is shattered when the Nazis’ take control.

There is hope in the darkness, though. Truus Wijsmuller, a member of the Dutch resistance, risks her life smuggling Jewish children out of Nazi Germany to the nations that will take them. It is a mission that becomes even more dangerous after the Anschluss—Hitler’s annexation of Austria—as, across Europe, countries close their borders to the growing number of refugees desperate to escape.

Tante Truus, as she is known, is determined to save as many children as she can. After Britain passes a measure to take in at-risk child refugees from the German Reich, she dares to approach Adolf Eichmann, the man who would later help devise the “Final Solution to the Jewish Question,” in a race against time to bring children like Stephan, his young brother Walter, and Žofie-Helene on a perilous journey to an uncertain future abroad.

J.L. Berg

There are some paths in your life you’re never meant to take.
Yet, by some twist of fate, you find yourself on the forbidden road all the same.

Those are the words I stumble upon when I unearth a hidden journal that once belonged to my grandmother.

A hidden journal that details a heartbreaking affair with her husband’s brother. It’s a family secret I’m unprepared to deal with, especially when my own life begins to parallel hers.

Sawyer Gallagher was never on my radar. The moment I met his younger brother, I was taken. Done for. Love-drunk.

But, some things aren't meant to last and at the age of thirty-three, I find myself divorced, penniless and living with my parents. When Sawyer stops by our family’s antique store, asking for a job, I figure: Why the heck not? Life can’t get much worse.

It doesn’t take long to realize just how different the Gallagher brothers are. Sawyer is kind, supportive, and, oh, did I mention sexy as hell?

In a small town like ours, I can’t help but ask myself…
Can I fall for my former brother-in-law?
Or is this just history repeating itself?

Devney Perry

Londyn McCormack didn’t have a typical childhood. She ran away from home at sixteen, escaping parents more interested in drugs than their daughter. She doesn’t have loving siblings or an adorable pet. Her only family is the five other runaway kids who shared her junkyard home.

Life pulled them all in separate directions, taking her to Boston. For a short time, she thought she’d found something permanent. But after a devastating divorce, she’s running away again, this time to find a lost friend.
She’s driving across the country in her convertible. As a teenager, the rusty car was her shelter. As an adult, it’s her ride to freedom.

Except one flat tire derails her trip. Her life collides with Brooks Cohen. They walked away from the first crash. The second might destroy them both.

Are any of these on your TBR?
What's your most recent TBR addition?